maple tree identification

Red maple is one of the most abundant and widespread hardwood trees in North America (Figure 3.8). A young silver maple will have gray bark with hints of red. What Tree Is That? Maple tree leaves: Amur maple tree leaves are 2” – 4” (5 – 10 cm) long with three or five lobes with toothed margins. Healthy sugar and black maple trees growing in overstocked uneven-aged or even-aged stands can be expected to achieve tapable size in 40 to 60 years, depending on overall site quality. Maple Tree Landscaping: Top choice is the Japanese maple tree. Toothed leaves. Young trees up to 4-8 inches with smooth gray bark. First, its sugar content is usually lower than red maple's, perhaps as much as 1/2 percent or more, which means even higher production costs and lower profits. Reds return to the tree with the fall color change. 130-150 years. Lots of species of moth, such as the mocha, feed on its leaves. While most of these species are probably tapped to some extent, at least by hobbyists, sugar and black maple, along with red maple (Acer rubrum), provide most of the commercial sap. It is not unusual to find many trees in a sugar bush well in excess of 3 percent, and occasionally higher. Striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum) and mountain maple (Acer spicatum) are two other native maples that are found growing within the commercial maple range (Figures 3.10 and 3.11). The deciduous species of the oak tree are seen in the colder latitudes, while those with evergreen leaves are seen toward the south. punctatum. It is most easily identified by the opposite paired arrangement of its leaves and branches and its 3lobed leaf with coarse teeth. The Red Maple (Acer rubrum) is a medium to large deciduous tree that flourishes in a variety of habitats in the Adirondack Mountains.Its common name reflects the fact that its flowers, fruits, leaf stalks, and autumn colors are red or reddish. Red maple is commonly tapped in certain geographic areas, particularly in the southern and western portions of the commercial maple range. Because sugar and black maple resume growth later than red or silver maple, sap may be collected later in the spring. Twigs are reddish and have rounded, oblong, vegetative buds. Distinguishing between sugar and black maple is best done by comparing the leaf structure (particularly the number of lobes, droopiness and presence or absence of stipules along base of petiole) and by the degree of bumpiness of the twigs. Because of its fast growth rate, however, mature trees can achieve diameters in excess of 3 feet and heights in excess of 100 feet. This does not include hundreds of maple species in all other countries and those that are yet to be discovered. Spring foliage is burgundy, turning green in summer, then yellow or yellow-orange in fall. Maple Tree Types. The 'Embers' and 'Flame' varieties have especially vibrant fall colors in both leaves and fruit. Like all maples, the leaves, buds and twigs of all four are attached in pairs opposite each other along the branches. Field maple is attractive to aphids and their predators, including many species of ladybird, hoverfly and bird. The Japanese maple is a staple in many Japanese gardens, as well as in the world of bonsai. For this guide, we have chosen some of the trees commonly found on the trails at the Arboretum. Many plants in a genus are similar in appearance, but there can be some surprises. A maple tree with purple to reddish leaves during spring is a strong signal for a Japanese maple. The paperbark maple is an excellent specimen tree for small landscapes, especially when planted near a deck or patio where it can be appreciated. Plantations of sugar maple have also been established with the intent of developing efficient, productive sugar bushes. On good sites with little competition from other trees, silver maple diameter growth may approach 1/2 inch per year (rates as high as 1 inch per year have been recorded). The oak tree leaf is broad, thin and flat and is called a broadleaf. This species can be a small tree or large shrub. One either taps red maple or they don't sugar. The leaf edges have fine teeth. The commercial production of maple products in North America occurs primarily in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.1). The sap of Norway maple is not commonly used to produce maple syrup. Looking at the leaf and bark will usually give you a good indication of at least part of the parent stock, from which you can consult other resources for more precise plant identification . While it is a good idea to keep most landscape trees properly watered throughout the growing season, a maple will produce its best fall color if watering is withheld in the last weeks of summer and early fall. Throughout much of the commercial maple region, however, most maple producers will not tap silver maple. 3-5 inches wide; 5lobed (rarely 3-lobed); bright green upper surface and a paler green lower surface; leaf margin without fine teeth (compare with red and silver maple). Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. Maples are renowned for their autumn colors; many species put on a display of oranges, browns, yellows, and reds every year. In the fall, this variety of maple tree's bright green lobed foliage changes to deep scarlet and orange. The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. Similar to sugar maple but twig surface with small warty growths (lenticels, which are not raised much above the bark surface in sugar maple) and often more hairy buds. Always check the behavior of the maple species you are considering before planting it. This can be a somewhat difficult plant to find for sale, but it can make a good small tree or large shrub in the landscape. It is usually grown as a small upright tree but can also be grown as a shrub if left unpruned. These include trees in the pine, fir, cypress, larch and spruce families. This is another shallow-rooted tree that should be kept away from areas with pipes or paving. Mature trees commonly average between 20 and 30 inches in diameter and 60 and 90 feet tall. It is important to emphasize that good, high-quality maple syrup can be made from red maple sap. Leaves with a serrated edge or with tooth-like shapes around the margins are called toothed leaves. Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple, living perhaps. It isn’t until one dies on your property and you need a tree … Many varieties also develop thick exposed roots that make it hard to mow lawns; these types are better planted in a woodland setting or where the ground around them can be covered with mulch or a living ground cover other than grass. Caused By: Fungi that tends to hide in leaf debris.Specific species include Rhytisma acerinum, R. americanum, and R. It is most easily identified by the opposite paired arrangement of its leaves and branches, its 3-lobed leaf with fine teeth on the margin, and striping on the branches and young trunks. It has since become one of the most prevalent trees. margin. Le Do/Shutterstock. The three-lobed leaves are medium green on the top surfaces, with bottom surfaces that are gray-green. Many people decide to plant maples because they work well as shade, street, and specimen trees. In a neglected yard, seedlings may quickly spout up and overtake a landscape. In addition, when the sap of some red maples is processed, an excessive amount of sugar sand is produced. Also known as field maple or common maple, the hedge maple is a small- to medium-sized tree that can serve as a shade tree in small landscapes or can be pruned to serve as a hedge plant in larger landscapes.Medium-green foliage gives way to yellow colors in fall. Older trees developing furrows and ultimately long, irregular, thick vertical plates that appear to peal from the trunk in a vertical direction. The undersides of this maple tree's leaves are silver and flash attractively in the wind. Trident maple grows slowly, so it rarely needs pruning. Silver maple leaves grow to be five to seven inches wide, with five lobes. Five common species are shown here. See more ideas about tree, tree identification, tree bark. Red maple is commonly tapped in certain geographic areas, particularly in the southern and western portions of the commercial maple range. Other common names for this tree include broadleaf maple and Oregon maple. First, the sap sugar content of red maple will be less, on the average, than that of nearby comparable sugar or black maples, perhaps by 1/2 percent or more. This is a small rounded tree with narrow upright branches. Try the Arbor Day Foundation’s online tree identification tool. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. Most maples are shallow-rooted trees that can push up sidewalks and other paving surfaces if planted too close. Landscape set up as primary tree focal point in a flower bed or as a stand alone tree … Plant this red maple tree in … Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. Resistant to air pollution, trident maple is a good choice for street-side plantings. Considerable red is seen in bark pattern as scales develop. 2-6 inches wide; 3lobed (occasionally weakly 5-lobed); sharply V-shaped sinuses; small sharp teeth along. Fall colors vary considerably depending on cultivar; yellows, red-purples, and bronze hues are all available. This tree does well with urban conditions like salt and pollution. Identification: Black spots that range in size from a pin-prick to size of a half dollar (4 cm).Some reports say that the spots can get as big as two inches. The leaves are less like the classic maple, more closely resembling the leaves of ivies or ash trees (another common name for this plant is ivy-leaved maple). Like sugar and black maple, red maple is shade tolerant and is found in both even-aged and uneven-aged forests. Some trees may have leaves sporting several of these colors at once. Northeast United States & Southern Canada, Northeast United States & Southeast Canada, Southeast United States Coastal Plain & Piedmont. If you take a look at a picture of the hornbeam maple, its leaves are nothing like what you would expect from a maple. Fall color also varies according to variety, ranging from greenish-yellow to red to burgundy. Fall color is stimulated by the slight stress that occurs when climate conditions become dry, and if you irrigate a maple too diligently, its fall color may be disappointing. Welcome to the University of Tennessee Arboretum Tree Identification Guide! Maple trees are members of the genus Acer, which includes a lot of variety in size, shape, color, and growth habit. Second, like red maple, it begins growth in the spring, earlier than sugar and black maple, resulting in a shorter collecting season. Horseshoe-shaped double-winged fruit with parallel or slightly divergent wings. Fall leaf color is red, with yellows sometimes also appearing. In shape and size, this small tree looks similar to the Japanese maple and may be used in a similar way as a specimen tree. All have leaves of similar shape: a single leaf blade with the characteristic maple shape, 3-5 lobes radiating out like fingers from the palm of a hand (palmately lobed) with notches (called sinuses) between the lobes. The interesting bark provides plenty of winter interest. Blood red Japanese maple has very deep dark red leaves during the summer and are wonderfully bright red in the fall when the sun shines through the leaves. Instead, as the scientific and common names note, the foliage more closely resembles that of the hornbeam tree (Carpinus spp.). Maple Tree Identification The commercial production of maple products in North America occurs primarily in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.1). Fall foliage is variable, ranging from an ordinary green to shades of yellow and red. Maple trees are identified by their 5-lobed leaves and winged fruit. Another desirable trait is the ability of many maples to tolerate drought. This large tree is an excellent shade tree for large landscapes and parks. The sugar maple tree (Acer saccharum) grows abundantly in the northeastern part of North America: the northeastern United States (including as far south as Tennessee) and the southeastern portion of Canada.Sugar maples produce strong timber and yield maple syrup, and both commodities contribute considerably to the economy of the region. Winged seed approximately 1" long. Sugar sand can cause several problems during the production process. Other varieties usually feature yellow hues in fall. Thinning or release cutting will substantially shorten the age-to-tapable-size. It can also be used as a street tree if the power lines are high enough. One of the few exceptions is European larch which loses its needles in winter. While the exact sap sugar content of a tree will vary depending on many factors including genetics, site and weather, sugar and black maples generally average between 2.0 and 2.5 percent sap sugar content. In some areas, this tree is known as the planetree maple. Best of the Best: Maples With Great Fall Color, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs, 12 Common Species of Willow Trees and Shrubs, 9 Recommended Species of Serviceberry Trees and Shrubs, 11 Species of Walnut Trees for North American Landscapes. As the name suggests, the leaves are quite large on this tree. Crushed twigs do not emit a rank odor as does the silver maple. Once established, the Amur maple will have some drought resistance. Sugar and black maples are found on a variety of soils and site conditions, but neither tolerates excessively wet or dry sites, and both grow best on moist, deep, well-drained soils. Leaves turn red or yellow in the fall. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Its leaves are nothing like what you expect from a maple. 1. General Description. In fact, this is where it gets the name “loblolly” from. The paperbark maple is often chosen for a landscape because of its cinnamon or reddish-brown colored bark that peels away from the trunk, even when the tree is young. Its rapid growth and ability to thrive on a wide variety of sites have resulted in its widespread planting as ornamental and street trees which are often tapped as part of a sugaring operation. Because of the wide variety of sites on which red maple will grow, it is found growing naturally in pure stands and with an enormous variety of other tree species ranging from gray birch and paper birch, to yellow poplar and black cherry, and including sugar and black maple. Both species have been planted extensively as roadside trees which are often tapped as part of a sugaring operation. Thinning or release cutting dramatically reduces this age-to-tapable-size. It has a winged fruit but the wings hang down at an angle whereas those on the field Maple … Similar to sugar maple with, perhaps, a slightly larger seed. Silver maple's growth rate often responds dramatically to thinning or release cutting. There are actually twelve native maples found in North America, but only five are commonly seen across most of the continent. As maples begin their growth, chemical changes occur in the sap which make it unsuitable for syrup production. Its leaves generally have three lobes when the tree is young but the leaves on mature trees are not lobed. Tiger maple wood is also known as curly maple, flame maple and fiddleback maple… This medium-sized shade tree has an attractive dense crown that is symmetrically round, but it is a shallow-rooted tree. From the perspective of producing maple syrup, red maple's most attractive characteristic is its ability to thrive on a wide variety of site conditions. This medium-sized maple is a common landscape tree in North America, a classic shade tree with a rounded or oval-shaped crown. Apr 6, 2018 - Explore Steve Ferrick's board "Tree Bark Identification" on Pinterest. This species is closely related to the Amur maple. Striped maple is a small slender tree which rarely attains tapable size. Similar to sugar maple but usually 3-lobed (sometimes five); often appears to be drooping; often with a thicker leaf and lear stem (petiole) than sugar maple; usually with two winglike or leaflike growths at the base of the petiole (stipules). Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. It also is sometimes called by the common name Siberian maple. The bark of a maple tree begins as a grayish-brown and darkens into a dark brown as the tree ages. The leaves typically have more lobes than other maples, and a finer texture. Nevertheless, large silver maple street trees are numerous in many areas and these are sometimes tapped as part of a sugaring operation. It does, however, tolerate shade better than most large deciduous trees. Trees of North Carolina A Free, On-Line Plant Identification tool Featuring native and naturalized trees of North Carolina. While it can make a good large shade tree in the right circumstances, this is not a tree that is very tolerant of urban conditions. This lower sap sugar content translates to higher costs of production and lower profits. Comments: In tree form, hard maple is usually referred to as sugar maple, and is the tree most often tapped for maple syrup. Late March marks the beginning of the sugar maple season in the Northeast United States. If it is smooth to the touch, gray or gray-brown in color and the tree is relatively young, it might be any one of a number of common maples, including red, Norway, sugar or silver maple. In some areas of the commercial maple range, red maple is the only maple present on many sites. Sugar maple’s leaves (pictured below ) are the shape that most people associate with maple leaves; they typically have either 5 or 7 lobes, with vivid autumn coloring ranging from yellow to purplish red. Big leaf maple is a massive, thick-bodied tree with furrowed gray or reddish-brown bark. Tiger maple is not a species of maple tree, but an abnormality in less than 5 percent of common maples that produces a wavy, striped pattern in the grain. Silver Maple Tree Identification. Regionally, this species may be known as the rock maple or hard maple. Acer ginnala is sometimes classified as a subspecies of Tatarian maple, carrying the label Acer tataricum subsp. The red maple lives up to its name at many points throughout the year. The silver maple is one of the trees you are most likely to see throughout the U.S., since it naturalizes very easily and grows very quickly. When compared to sugar, black and red maple, silver maple is a distinctly fourth choice for sugaring for several reasons. The green leaves turn yellow or brownish-gold in fall. Begin identifying your tree by choosing the appropriate region below. Compared to sugar and black maple, red maple is a relatively short-lived tree, rarely living longer than 150 years. Tree Identification Field Guide. Neither of these species is commonly tapped. Identifying a tree as a red maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.4) is done from the leaves by observing the 3 lobes (occasionally 5), the paired opposite arrangement of the leaves and the small teeth along the margin; from the bark of older trees by the presence of the scaly plates; from the twig by observing the paired opposite arrangement of the buds, the relatively short, blunt, rounded, red terminal bud and the lack of an offensive odor when the bark of the twig is bruised or scraped; and from the fruit by observing its severe V-shape and size. Greenish-white flowers in spring give way to red samaras, and the fall foliage is yellow or red. The bark is like rough, separated plates with deep ridges in-between the pieces. What we ‘half remember’ is enough for us to happily relegate trees to the background of everywhere we go and everything we do. Silver maple trees can grow to be between 70 and 100 feet tall. The vine leaf maple features leaves with three parts, a structure known as trifoliate. Three-lobed (or sometimes five-lobed) green leaves usually turn reddish in fall, though the particular hues can be unpredictable. If the tree is mature and the bark is still smooth, the tree may be a hornbeam, ivy-leafed, Manchurian, Amur or mountain maple. Click on “identify” and then select the image that looks most like the plant you are trying to identify. ginnala. Genetic research on sugar maple suggests that the sap sugar content of planted seedlings can be increased by controlled breeding. Sugar and black maple have the highest sap sugar content of any of the native maples. Both species are also found in stands composed of trees that are essentially all the same age (size). A Japanese maple can be a focal point in many different types of garden designs. They should not be confused with the desirable maple species when performing management practices such as thinning or release cuts. The Loblolly Pine is a pine tree native to approximately 15 states in the southeastern U.S. An evergreen tree also known as the “southern yellow pine,” it is the second most common tree in the country, followed by the Red Maple, and is commonly found in lowland and swampy areas. This maple is the first choice for those seeking to make maple syrup, as the sap contains a larger percentage of plant sugars than with any other maple species. Black and sugar maples begin growth later in the spring than red or silver maple. 'Crimson King' is one of the most popular varieties; it features very attractive maroon leaves throughout the growing season, but the fall color is unremarkable, turning a grayish color. The sycamore maple is one of the more massive maples, featuring a dense rounded crown. For this reason, it has been widely planted as an ornamental and street tree. Here are the most common types of maples trees: In the summer, the leaves are pale green with a silver/white underside. TREE IDENTIFICATION GUIDE It’s easy to go through life with what our third-grade teacher taught us about trees. Maple trees have pointed lobes, whereas white oak tree leaves have a rounded lobe shape. The species and common names for this maple come from the fact that the leaves are similar to those of the sycamore (Platanus). The red maple is usually a medium-sized tree with a moderate growth rate. Slender, shiny, usually reddish in color; terminal buds. Many plant species within a genus have a similar appearance, but there can be surprises, as is the case with hornbeam maple. Silver maple is a rapidly growing maple found throughout much of the eastern United States and extreme southeastern Canada, where it is often tapped (sometimes heavily) in a particular location (Figure 3.9). Even in zone 5, a severe cold spell in winter can cause severe dieback, and in the southern part of the range, it benefits from some shade to prevent leaf scorch. Maple Tree Leaf Identification. A fourth maple species, silver maple (Acer saccharinum), is sometimes tapped, particularly in roadside operations, and is often confused with red maple. It has the biggest leaves of any maple; the classic five-lobed, palm-shape leaves can be over 12 inches wide. 2 / 12. This is a much more serious disease that affects all kinds of maples, but Sugar Maple and Silver Maple are the ones most commonly affected. Most maples are also moisture-seekers, and their roots may infiltrate water pipes or sewer lines if they are planted above them. The dark-green leaves are quite large, with five lobes, but there is no fall color to speak of—the foliage remains green or may turn a yellowish-brown. — Beta Version, getting better every day. Silver maple, for example, will go from smooth and silver to furrowed and gray and black as it grows older, as the photo shows. Black maple, on the other hand, occupies a much smaller natural range (Figure 3.7). In fall, this tree turns attractive shades of yellow, orange, or red. Identifying a silver maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.5) is done from the leaves by observing the 5 lobes with the sides of the terminal lobe diverging toward the tip, the paired opposite arrangement of the leaves, the presence of fine teeth along the margin but not on the inner sides of the sinuses and the silvery white underside; from the bark of older trees by the trunk's shaggy appearance; from the twigs by observing the paired opposite arrangement of the buds, the relatively short blunt, rounded, red terminal bud and the presence of a fetid or foul odor when the twig is bruised or scraped; and from the fruit by observing its V-shape and size. Its natural habitat is along stream banks, floodplains, and lake edges where it grows best on better-drained, moist alluvial soils. Here are 13 excellent maple tree species for your landscape. In other areas, red maple may be tapped along with sugar and black maples. Fruits mature in fall. Includes images of bark, twigs, leaves, reproductive organs as well as distribution maps. Sugar and black maple are particularly attractive as sugar trees because of their high sap sugar content and the late date at which they begin growth in the spring. A rounder form rather than tall will strengthen your case for a Japanese maple tree. In the right settings, this species may become invasive, so before planting it check to make sure it is not a problem in your region. With all of the variations, it’s hard to pinpoint a few obvious features that make a tree a maple. Maple trees include a sizable number of species in the genus Acer within the plant family Aceraceae. As the tree ages, the bark starts to lift away from the tree and eventually the tree will take on a "shaggy" appearance. Sugar and black maple are very similar species and unquestionably the most preferred species for producing maple products, primarily because of their high sugar content. Most of the maple species are deciduous woody plants, ranging from multi-stemmed shrubs to large upright trees with massive trunks. Maples are deciduous trees characterized by opposite leaf arrangement and spectacular fall color. Its use as an ornamental and street tree, at least in urban areas, has been discontinued in recent years because the wood of silver maple is very brittle and often breaks in severe wind, snow or ice storms. For example, the autumn blaze maple tree is a hybrid of a red maple and a silver maple, and will have characteristics of each parent. Sugar and black maple both grow in the shade of other trees (they are shade tolerant), and trees of many different ages (sizes) are often found in a forest. It does not have the palmate lobes that most maple leaves feature. Maple Tree Identification There are over thirteen identified species of maple trees in North America alone. This is most noticeable on the trunk—the oldest part of the tree. Also, all four produce a fruit called a samara (or double samara), which is a pair of connected, winged seeds. The red spring buds turn into red seed structure (samaras) hanging from reddish twigs. The flowers are upright and green, yellow, or red in color depending on species, and the fruit appears in winged clusters which hold the seeds of this self-pollinating tree. Regionally, this tree carries many different common names: scarlet maple, soft maple, Drummond red maple, Carolina red maple, swamp maple, trident red maple, and water maple. As with many widespread species, this tree carries several regional common names, such as soft maple, creek maple, river maple, white maple, and water maple. Table 3-2 contains a descriptive comparison and Figures 3.2 through 3.5 illustrate characteristic leaves, bark, twigs, and fruits of sugar, black, red and silver maple. Under natural conditions, silver maple is primarily a bottomland and floodplain species, where it may occur in pure stands but is more commonly found associated with other bottom species such as American elm, sweetgum, pin oak, swamp white oak, eastern cottonwood, sycamore, and/or green ash.

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