how to install floating hardwood floors on concrete

Tongue and Groove Installation for Hardwood Flooring. Instead, the planks are either glued or snapped together. Hardwood floors have been in high demand lately. Includes planning, equipment and material acquisition, area preparation and protection, setup and cleanup. Establish Installation Guidelines Measure and mark the center of all four walls at floor level. We touched on grade earlier. Instead, cut the plywood into 2' by 8' planks and score the backs 3/8" deep on a 12" grid. It is one of the cheapest solutions, and at the time of writing it could set you back just a few hundred bucks, depending on the size of … Laminate flooring is also fairly easy to install. Installing Hardwood Flooring Over Concrete Hardwood floors are durable, low maintenance and easy to clean. Although you can attach hardwood directly to concrete with glue or nails, it’s not advisable. Before installing the floor, loosely lay an additional vapor retarder of 4 to 6 mil polyethylene film over the sleepers, overlapping the edges on top of the 2 x 4s. This is because solid wood flooring has a higher tendency towards movement and needs to be fixed to the subfloor to avoid problems in the future. Solid flooring may be installed directly to the slab. Here is a short video to show you how to level a concrete floor. Sign up for our newsletter and be the first to know about coupons and special promotions. This will prevent any excess moisture from wicking from the concrete directly into the wood. Hardwood flooring and concrete are two different types of materials used for floors, and each have their own unique characteristics. Use a flexible wood to concrete adhesives such as Laybond or Soudal Polymer. The adhesive manufacturer should have instructions regarding specific trowel requirements. Have your flooring delivered in plenty of time before installation. Easiklip has over 10 years of experience, specializing in solid oak flooring for DIY projects. The calcium chloride test measures the surface moisture of the slab. Acclimate the flooring by placing the boxes of Easiklip horizontally in the location they are going to be installed. With Easiklip, “No Nails, No Glue, No Fuss.”. * (Don’t forget the vapor retarder!) Easiklip is a floating floor, you just need an underlayment on concrete floor in basement. Float, Glue and Nail installation are three main methods used for installing this type of floor. You need to fill any large cracks and be sure that the entire floor is level. All concrete, masonry and sheet-rock should be completely dry. For people that have concrete basements or subfloors, like slab houses, traditional solid hardwood will not work. Here are the basics of installing an engineered hardwood floor. 1. When we talk about a “floating” floor, it means that the hardwood floor is not permanently attached to the subfloor. Once that’s done, you should measure your floor to figure out many vinyl planks you need to use. No Fuss No Muss Installation That Lasts a Lifetime. Other products are better suited for a nail-down installation where they are secured to a wood subfloor with nails or staples. Never leave the flooring in a damp room. You’ll know if there are dips in the concrete if you see daylight at the bottom of the straightedge. Assess the Subfloor. If you are going to glue your hardwood directly to the concrete, you need to know what you’re doing and work fast. There are other moisture barrier options. You can attach it directly to the concrete or install a subfloor first and then attach the floor to that. Then, use a level to find any spots where the ground is uneven and apply concrete self-leveling compound to even it out. Once you let the boards acclimate, put down the underlayment and moisture barrier, you’re ready to install the floor. You attach 2 to 4 clips per board, align the tongue and groove, then snap in place. However, many homeowners are disappointed to discover that solid wood flooring cannot be installed on a concrete slab. Easiklip floors carry a 25-year warranty for residential, finish, and structural issues. Planks are wider than 2-1/4 inches. You need to remedy both problems before you can glue engineered hardwood on top of it. While this saves time from not having to drill pilot holes first, it still adds to the cost of installing a floor. Concrete is porous in nature and the water vapour from the ground below may get trapped under the wood flooring and cause moulds to grow. Wood floor over concrete details. You won't know how much it's going to cost until you ask! Flooring is considered acclimated when the moisture difference between the wood and the subfloor material is within 4% for flooring less than 3” in width. Unfortunately, there are some types of subfloors that make installing traditional hardwood difficult, or even impossible. Feel the quality for yourself by ordering a free Easiklip sample pack. A better solution is laying a floating floor. The easiest way to install hardwood is a floating floor. You  do this in three to four areas around the slab. You save time and the expense of building a wood subfloor. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help a DIY enthusiast install an engineered wood floor over a concrete base. As an Amazon Associate, Easiklip Floors earns from qualifying purchases. We also supply residential and commercial construction projects in the U.S., Canada, Europe and Asia. The planks go down fast, over virtually any material—concrete, plywood, sheet vinyl, even ceramic tile. The type of subfloor can determine how you’ll install the floor. The quickest way to get new wood underfoot is to install a floating floor. Why Choose Easiklip For Your Basement Hardwood Floor? Additionally, you’ll need to apply the below adhesive to secure your flooring successfully. You can fix it to concrete, to the floor joists or to an existing timber floor. Once you know the slab is level and dry, and you have a moisture barrier in place, it’s time to look at basement subfloor options and how you’ll install your new hardwood floor. wood floor over concrete than over a wood subfloor. Some engineered floors have reportedly emitted toxic fumes. You don’t have those concerns with a solid hardwood floor. With the Easiklip installation method, you can walk on the floor immediately. Hardwood floors are durable, low maintenance and easy to clean. The only tools you’ll need are a tape measure, N IOSH-designated dust mask, some 1/2 in (15mm) wedges, a broom, a hand saw, and eye protection. Concrete slab- Engineered Click Wood Flooring products can be installed on all grade levels. Engineered Wood Flooring Installation Labor, Basic Basic labor to install engineered wood floor with favorable site conditions. Solid wood can also warp and rot if there is excessive moisture. If you love solid wood floors and your home rests on a concrete slab, you’re not out of luck. And finished basements increase the values even more. These two ways are glue-down or floating. In such cases, follow wood or adhesive manufacturer's recommendation. The flooring should be removed from its boxes and all packing materials during this process. Lay a 8- to 10-foot piece of lumber on the concrete floor. You don’t want to try and glue it down either. Fasten plywood to the slab with power-actuated fasteners, securing the center of the panel first, then the edges, spacing fasteners 2” from the edges every 6-8” along the perimeter and 1 fastener spaced approximately 12” apart within the interior of the panel. Next Post →. There is no better way to improve your home than by choosing Easiklip for your basement hardwood floor. Please note: comments must be approved before they are published. There are three main ways to install a subfloor, including to the NWFA. The room temperature should stay within a range of 60 to 80. plywood to the concrete. It will extend up the wall for about 2 to 3 inches, creating a “bowl” where your wood floor stays dry and protected. These gaps are best created using spacers which are available in solid wood flooring installation kits and the unsightly spaces are easily covered with skirting or door profiles. The best way for any DIYer to install a hardwood floor is to use clips. Installing engineered hardwood flooring over concrete too tight against a stationary object will not allow room for normal expansion, and may cause a failure. Humidity sensors or moisture meters require drilling holes and inserting probes to measure the amount of water. For systems other than radiant heat, the plywood planks may be glued to the plastic with asphalt mastic. Besides hardwood’s durability, low maintenance, and is easy to clean, there are three immediate benefits: Beauty – Concrete is ugly. American Hardwoods Offer a Breath of Fresh Air, Mix – Don’t Match – Wood Textures and Colors; Experts Across the U.S. Urge Diversity in Design, Straight Talk About Hardwoods from Four Savvy Design Pros, Hardwood Flooring Trends – A Touch of the Creative, Hardwood Flooring Must-Know Shopping Facts. Be aware of the additional height that the subfloor and underlayment add. Wood strips are anywhere from 1-1/2 inches to 2-1/4 inches wide. Think of all the trees you’ll save. You may not need to build a plywood subfloor on top of the concrete slab, depending on the floor system you choose. You’ll find concrete floors in almost every home. Solid wood flooring is made from one continuous piece of solid wood, typically measuring 3/4 inch thick. There are many options for building a plywood or OSB subfloor. Installing Solid Wood Flooring Onto Concrete. Hardwoods provide style and elegance that adapts easily to any interior design whether modern, contemporary or country. Engineered hardwood can be installed on concrete using the glue-down installation method. If your current subfloor is concrete, you will only be able to install engineered flooring, not solid hardwood. Concrete slabs must be clean and dry — less than 3 lbs. DIY hardwood installation with costs, timeline and list of materials, Hardwood Floor Medallions – What You Need to Know, How to Install Quarter Round Moldings with Nails or Caulk, Everything About Wood Floor Wax Removers and Stripping, How to Choose the Best Hardwood Flooring Nailers, How to Install Hardwood Floors on Concrete. Concrete slabs, whether new or existing, must be dry before the subfloor is installed. Install the plywood after the vapor retarder is in place. There is no room for error. Luxury vinyl is also a relatively easy material to install, making it attractive to DIY-minded home and business owners. ), Use a notched edge trowel when a correct mastic thickness is specified.Gluing Solid Parquet Flooring Directly to a Concrete Slab. Lay plywood diagonally across the direction of the finished floor to help prevent cracks along panel edges. Both solid wood flooring and engineered wood flooring can be laid onto a concrete subfloor. Grind off any high spots and fill any low spots. Installing hardwood on concrete is not a do-it-yourself project. Luxury vinyl flooring ups the ante when it comes to both durability and style when compared to regular, more traditional vinyl formulations. In this case, the subfloor is the concrete slab. There is no waiting time because the floors come pre-finished and there is no glue to dry. A floating hardwood floor underlayment acts as a slight cushion that reduces noise and provides some insulation. With solid hardwood floors, a proper vapor retarder must be installed on top of the slab to make sure normal slab moisture does not reach the finished floor. Hardwood floors have been in high demand lately. Install the rest of the flooring. Use a … Most people can install this type of hardwood flooring as long as they are willing to do a little bit of work. When installing a basement hardwood floor, the concrete must be flat so the tongue and grooves of the hardwood meet and connect. Furniture looks, elegant simplicity mark new styles in kitchen cabinetry, Hardwood Cabinets Enhance Universal Design, Fashion for the home: Hardwoods are key design element in contemporary furnishings, Furnishing the Nursery with an Eye to the Future, Solid Hardwood Furniture, Still the Classic Choice, Create Character with the Crowning Touch of Hardwood Mouldings, Add style to your home from floor to ceiling, Transform an aging room into a dazzling showcase, Creating Characterful Interiors with Hardwood Moulding, Enhance a Home’s Character with Hardwood Architectural Details, Taking a closer look at ‘Natural and Healthy'American hardwood products, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Consumers, American Hardwoods: The Natural, Eco-Friendly Choice for Your Home. Additionally, you’ll need to apply the below adhesive to secure your flooring successfully. Padding can be used with most floating laminate floor installation. Shaw's engineered products are made with either a plywood core or a high-density fiberboard core. You get a 30-Day Money Back Guarantee so that you can shop with confidence. This high-quality, high-performance flooring solution offers improved stability compared with standard solid wood flooring, making it a great choice for the basement and other spaces that commonly feature concrete floors or high humidity environments. How Much Dimensional Change Should You Expect? Know your Hardwood Floors by Starting at the "Finish", Revealing Hardwood Treasure beneath Carpeting and Linoleum, American Hardwoods and Their Role in Carbon Neutral Design. If you’ve got concrete stairs to cover, the laminate must be glued down using high-quality construction glue. You will lay the flooring lengthwise to this wall. 1. Otherwise, you’ll need to level it. Nail the 3/4-in. Lay down a moisture barrier. A glue-down installation requires premium wood adhesives to be properly troweled over the concrete slab. (Follow your manufacturer's instructions on coverage, drying time and ventilation. To install vinyl plank flooring on concrete, you’ll first need to clean the concrete with soap and water and fill in any cracks with concrete filler. Allow to set for two hours. Many of today’s modern hardwood floors and engineered floors are floating. Pass the trowel through the glue at a 45-degree angle and install hardwood flooring immediately after the … We’ll talk about them shortly. This requires a heavy hammer drill and a bit the same size as your nail or screw. Here's how to install hardwood floors using the nail-down method: Align the first board with the layout line, with the tongue facing into the room. There is one company that allows for basement installation, and it won’t affect the warranty as long as you’ve installed it per their instructions. When installing your flooring in the tongue and groove style, you’ll need to use a floor nailing gun and nail every 8″ – 10″. How to Install an Engineered Hardwood Floor . SleepersFlat, dry, kiln-dried, preservative-treated 2" x 4" sleepers in random lengths (18" to 48") can also serve as a nailing base. Easy-to-follow, step-by-step instructions show DIYers how to install a floating wood plank floor for a dazzling new look. The first thing that you need to do is assess the condition of the concrete that you are installing on. Here are the basics of how to install floating hardwood floors over concrete. SMOOTH ⁄ FLAT – Level within 1/8″ in a 6-foot span. It adds a lot of extra time and effort. It installs very quickly. Engineered Hardwood vs. Hardwood Laminate. Over this, apply a second similar coating of mastic and roll out a second layer of asphalt or paper in the same direction as the first, staggering the overlaps to achieve an even thickness. It may be hard to tell the difference at first glance, … The silicone beads help to hold the clips in place in the individual groves in each board. A concrete floor is uninviting, cold, dingy, and looks like an unfinished warehouse. One very accurate testing method is to use the Wagner Rapid R.H. meter, as shown in this video: Most flooring manufacturers say you should not install hardwood over concrete if the tests show the moisture emission rate is over 3 pounds. Don't waste your time browsing our site until you know if you can afford our wood first. Interlocking for floating installation. They also allow for silent natural movement as the floor reacts to changes in humidity over the seasons. Lay 4 to 6 mil polyethylene film over the slab, overlapping the edges 4 to 6". The installation of hardwood floors on concrete offers several types of applications. Installing a floating engineered hardwood floor works well at any grade level and over most types of subfloor surfaces. Dry Slab This article will focus on basement installations. Solid parquet hardwood flooring can be glued directly to a concrete slab on grade or above grade with the use of a manufacturer recommended vapor retarder. Most of the time, concrete floors are hidden by carpeting, so you want to take the time to pull that carpet up. The most straightforward method is not to attach it but float the floor on top. No nails, glue, screws or hammer drills. Maximize your home’s value. Begin by covering the slab with a vapor retarder. Floating subfloor of 2 layers of plywood secured together over a vapor retarder. Lay the floor parallel to longest wall in the room. If you have some experience with installing flooring or are DIY hobbyist, it shouldn't take you more than a day to install vinyl plank flooring on concrete. Therefore, it’s crucial to install a moisture barrier. Most all strip/plank flooring can be installed over an approved subflooring material with approved mechanical fasteners (cleats, nails, or staples). Title: shaw hardwood flooring limited warranty pdf Description: it is important to install the new wood flooring at right angles to the existing wood Via: Title: 17 beautiful slab wood coffee table coffee tables design Description: gray wood coffee table fresh coffee tables rowan od small outdoor coffee table concrete round Via: Installing quality hardwood flooring in basement over concrete will make that space look stunning and spectacular. Lay the straight board on the floor and place a level on top. Application of PL 400 Adhesive Wood needs to move as the humidity increases and decreases throughout the year. Fill in this QUICK QUOTE form and one of our friendly staff will get you a quote asap! Drill pilot holes into the face of the first board. To learn about our products’ standards and warranties, send us an email or call 1-800-832-9023, Mon-Fri 8 a.m. - 6 p.m. CST. Water can quickly pass through it causing moisture problems, especially below grade. Installing the flooring too tight to the transition molding. 2. Keeping hardwood floors looking beautiful is easier than you think. If you don't have all the tools or you want to be 100% sure you don't waste any material, invite a friend over to help you. If you ever need to replace just one board or move the entire floor, Easiklip uninstalls as easy as it installs. Typically, it is sheets of plastic laid on the slab and taped at the seams with waterproof tape. Here’s a good rule of thumb. Things You'll Need Step 1: Dry the Slab Most manufacturers advise against installing hardwood flooring over concrete for two reasons, moisture levels in concrete and the difficulty of attaching directly to concrete. NOTE: Always follow manufacturers' directions as some manufacturers may allow direct glue-down applications and/or recommend nailing and gluing to a substrate. Slabs less than 60 days old are generally too wet to install floors. Mastics and TrowelsHot asphalt is generally used only for laying screeds on concrete, and the screeds must be positioned immediately upon pouring the mastic (always follow manufacturer's directions). You can do one or two rooms in a day and have a party on them that night. Use a notched edge trowel when a correct mastic thickness is specified. wood planks to the plywood. The National Wood Flooring Association says that subfloor wood structural panels should be plywood or oriented strand board (OSB) with a bond classification of Exposure 1 or Exterior. Install a Underlayment on concrete floor in basement over the moisture barrier to help soundproof your floor. Open the end of each box and remove the protective layer of shrink-wrapping inside the boxes. Over the last twenty years newer forms have all but replaced the older, more dated sleeper on slab system. You can see the kit and how it works in this video. Floating wood flooring can provide you with a simple installation and a beautiful floor at the same time. For best results, several areas of each room should be tested for excess moisture. During the curing process, there is excess moisture still evaporating from the concrete that can ruin the floor if you install it too early. Your baseboards will need to be taken out, as well, to ensure the new flooring has no gaps around the edges of the walls. So, whether you go for vinyl or wood, here is a handy guide to laying flooring on concrete. NWFA recommends using the manufacturer's suggested adhesive. These include glue-down, floating, and nail-down. Floating floors require an expansion gap … No vapor barrier or padding should be used. No fasteners penetrate the retarder or the concrete. Engineered hardwood flooring has quickly become one of the most popular flooring options in the world today. Quantity includes typical waste overage, material for repair and local delivery. In that case, a floor will be strong, steady and durable. Concrete is very porous like a sponge. Engineered is actually produced with three to five layers of hardwood. When moisture conditions are more severe, prime the slab and apply cold, cut-back mastic with a straightedge or fine-tooth trowel (100 sq. asphalt felt or building paper, lapping the edges 4" and butting the ends. Consult the product data sheet for instructions regarding specific trowel requirements. The low spots need to be filled in with a mix of fresh concrete before installing flooring on uneven subfloor. AcclimationWhen the site is prepared, the flooring can be delivered and stored in each room where it will be installed. You will receive a 5" sample of each of our floor types to see which one fits your decor: You’ll also get two aluminum clips to test and see how it snaps into place. Another issue is improper installation. Sometimes concrete can be uneven and possibly contain high levels of moisture. b. Many types of flooring can be installed over a concrete sub floor. Lay a plastic moisture barrier and then screw 3/4-in. Plank flooring four inches and wider requires either the plywood-on-slab system or the sleeper system topped with a minimum of 5/8” inch thick plywood or ¾” OSB. Solid wood flooring is made from one single piece of wood, and can be highly sensitive to changes in temperature and humidity as this can cause the wood to expand and contract. a. Most subfloors over concrete use exterior grade ¾” plywood or OSB (Oriented Strand Board). The National Wood Flooring Association recommends two choices in sub-flooring systems for concrete installations: plywood-on-slab and sleeper. Step By Step Guide To Install Hardwood Over Concrete Step 1 - Remove the Old Flooring. Finishing a wood floor in the home takes experience, time, and the right equipment to make the floor look good. Lay down a moisture barrier. Transition strips are used to finish hardwood and laminate floor edges where the product meets an existing floor in a doorway, and are typically cut to fit and then nailed in place or snapped into a track that has been screwed to the floor. Using a minimum 5/8" CDX (3/4" recommended) plywood, the material is installed over the same moisture barriers (mastic excluded) but attached by way of concrete fasteners. It’s also a great option if you choose to incorporate a radiant heat system. This project focuses on installing a floating engineered floor. Test for Dryness Before you prepare the concrete for hardwood flooring, it must be dry. Some manufacturers allow direct glue installation of 3/4" solid parquet flooring. A new moist slab should be allowed to dry naturally or the process can be hastened with heat and ventilation. Wood floors should not be subjected to very wet conditions. For example, separation, as well as creaky or uneven floorboards. The surface can’t be slick, heavily troweled or burnished. Fortunately, even if your home was built on a concrete slab, you can still choose to put in new hardwood flooring. Engineered wood floors are easy to install and resistant to moisture, making them a great alternative to traditional hardwood floors. The patented aluminum clips make Easiklip quick and easy to install. If an installer nails the engineered floor too close to the edge, it can crack the board causing dangerous splinters lurking underfoot that can be up to 3 inches long in some cases. Vinyl planks even come in a range of looks that mimic other materials like hardwood and stone. This will likely involve also pulling the padding, nails, and tack strips. Most of the time, concrete floors are hidden by carpeting, so you want to take the time to pull that carpet up. You only have 30 minutes before the glue sets and becomes too hard to use. With engineered hardwood flooring, you get a real wood floor with more versatility.This allows you to glue it down to a concrete floor and not have to worry about it … It simply means above the ground, at ground level or below ground, or the basement. Lay panels in a staggered pattern with at least 2' long planks along starting and finishing walls. Plank Flooring Start each course with the piece of flooring left over from the previous … Otherwise, yellow pine, fir or other kiln-dried framing species is acceptable. That means no glue or nails are attaching the boards to the subfloor. Considering new hardwood floors? ft. / 24 hours per CCTM. Either subfloor system is satisfactory for three-quarter inch flooring. Here are items you should consider before the job is started. ft. per gallon). Successful installation also requires conducting a concrete slab moisture test before parquet installation. Before you run out and order a hardwood floor, there are several items you need know.

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